How to Build a Gaming PC

Photo by Resul Kaya on Unsplash
Photo by Resul Kaya on Unsplash

Gamers prefer to play on a PC: it is more familiar, and games for them cost less than for consoles. In addition, a powerful computer can be used for other purposes. It is helpful for video editing, 3D modeling, working with CAD applications, and so on. 


What is the difference between a gaming computer and a regular computer?

Of course, if you are a freelancer in some essay writing service or marketing, or use a PC for everyday tasks like watching YouTube and googling the news, then it's definitely not your option. A gaming computer is different in performance. 

The most important thing is to choose the right graphics card because the quality of the image in the games depends on it and the processor.

How the picture will look depends on two parameters. First - is the monitor screen resolution, i.e., the number of vertical and horizontal pixels in a certain area. Nowadays, games support any resolution up to Full HD (1920 by 1080) and 4K (4096 by 2160) TV formats. The second is the frame rate, measured in FPS (frames per second). The higher these indicators, the more realistic the picture will be and the smoother it will change.

Accordingly, the computer must be powerful enough to support the video card. If it is not powerful enough, the image may lag. Because of this, while you are aiming, the object will move to another area in the game itself. To avoid this, FPS in competitive games should be at least the standard 120. In single-player games, it should be over 60.

Is it possible to build such a computer on your own?

Yes, it is. A computer is like a construction set. It's just important that all the bricks fit together. But to make a suitable configuration, it is necessary to spend time: reading forums, looking for components, and assembling them.

Where does the choice of hardware begin?

With the processor. Everything else depends on its characteristics, for example, the choice of the motherboard. Intel and AMD processors have different sockets. Thus they can be connected only to compatible motherboards.

Most important for the processor are the number of cores and threads, the clock frequency, and Turbo Boost support (the ability to increase the frequency of operation under high loads). The cache and heat dissipation value (TDP) amount is slightly less important. TDP should be considered when buying a case and a cooling system that will not allow the components to overheat.

The motherboard is the link between the computer components. It influences the number of RAM modules, the system's speed, and whether you can overclock your computer. The boards that allow this are more expensive.

So what's the deal with video cards?

An essential thing in a video card is the chip. The card manufacturer itself is more important for geeks and overclocking enthusiasts. When building a computer, it's important to remember that a graphics card needs the right configuration to run at full power.

NVIDIA has released new RTX series graphics cards based on the Turing architecture. The RTX 2060, 2070, 2080, and 2080 Ti line belongs to the upper price segment. They use real-time ray tracing technology, a new rendering method that allows you to recreate a more realistic image. In the mid-price segment, there are GeForce GTX 1660 and 1660 Ti lines. They, too, are based on Turing.

What memory to choose?

There is permanent and temporary storage. The functionality of permanent storage is responsible for the hard disk drive (HDD) and solid-state drive (SSD). The latter are more popular nowadays: they have a higher data transfer rate. For a gaming computer, it is better to choose two memory blocks: 120 GB for the operating system and 512/960 GB for video games and everything else. 

RAM is the area for temporarily storing program data, whether it is a browser with 20 tabs or a video game. Given the requirements of modern video games, you should choose a RAM of at least 8 GB. Or, better yet, 16 GB.

Is the computer case important?

Soundproofing and cooling depend on the case design. Inside there should be at least two coolers to cool the components - during games, the temperature can reach up to 70°C and higher, then the device can burn out.

There are several types of cooling. Classic - a system of fans with radiators. Suitable for cheap and medium-sized computers. More expensive - liquid systems or freon installations - are needed for owners of top systems, which are much hotter.

What are the little things to consider?

The power supply is an important detail. It determines the stable operation of your computer. The computer will shut down if the video card is powerful, but the power supply is weak.

How do I build a computer, so I don't have to upgrade in a year?

To not update your PC for several years, it is better not to save money. A cheap computer will quickly stop coping with modern games. It is better to choose components from the average price range.

Over time, when the computer will be outdated, you should start replacing the video card - they are updated faster than all other components. Then you should take care of the processor and everything else.

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